Someone with enamel hypoplasia may experience several symptoms. Some of the most obvious of these symptoms include the following:
One of the most obvious signs and symptoms of enamel hypoplasia is the thin enamel on the surfaces of your teeth. The look, feel, and integrity of your teeth will all be affected by the lack of enamel.
The thinness of the enamel reduces the protection between the hot and cold things you consume and the nerves in your teeth. When you drink something very hot or cold, you can feel pain in your tooth and gum. Your teeth can also be sensitive to other things, such as cold air hitting your teeth.
Layers of enamel make teeth lighter. When you don't have as many layers to your teeth, they will naturally be darker. In some people, their teeth can look bright yellow and in others they can look orange, brown, or gray.
Some people with enamel hypoplasia can also have mottled teeth — where the teeth have different colored marks in them. The marks can vary in color and are generally caused by trauma to the already thin enamel.
The dentist can treat enamel hypoplasia in several ways. The dentist determines what they feel is the best course of action, then work with you to determine which option you feel best about and can afford. All the options they do present you with will have a few things in common.
The different treatments strengthen your teeth, give you whiter teeth, fix problems with regards to the shape or size of your teeth, get rid of sensitivity issues, and decrease your chances of cavities, fractures, chips, and breaks.
Your dentist can apply a type of resin material to the surfaces of your teeth and use some hand-held dental tools to shape the bonding to look like a natural tooth. A special light will then harden the bonding.
The bonding comes in all tooth shades, so your teeth will have a consistent look. If you have bonding applied to all your teeth, you can go lighter than your natural color and have a white smile, possibly for the first time ever.
Another treatment option your dentist may present to you are dental veneers. Porcelain veneers are thin tooth coverings made of a durable porcelain material. The veneers will be bonded to your teeth to add a protective layer. As with bonding, veneers can also be chosen in a whiter color if you have them put on all your teeth, or even just the teeth visible when you smile.
The dentist may also suggest porcelain crowns if your teeth are at a significant risk for chipping or breaking. The dentist needs to create enough space between your teeth for the crowns to fit.
Porcelain crowns have porcelain fused to the metal crowns. Just as with bonding and veneers, the crowns can also improve the look and color of your teeth, while making them stronger and correcting shape and size issues.
If you feel you may have enamel hypoplasia, or you are concerned for your teeth for any reason, contact us. We can get you in to see the dentist, so you can get the answers you want and be on your way to a brighter, healthier smile.
Enamel hypoplasia is a condition that causes the enamel of one's teeth to be thinner than it should be. The enamel is the outer layer of the tooth which acts as a protective covering. The enamel also helps teeth to look whiter and to be stronger.
Two types of enamel hypoplasia exist. One type is hereditary, and the other type can be caused by things like premature birth, malnutrition, injury to developing teeth, and infections. In some cases, enamel hypoplasia can affect an area on a single tooth and in other cases all the teeth can be affected.